The India and Kuwait Relations

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

India–Kuwait relations are bilateral between the two countries share friendly ties. Kuwait houses a large expatriate Indian population and is the source for 10-12% of India's oil imports while India is among the largest trade partners of Kuwait.

History

The recent discovery of artefacts such as pottery and jewellery from the Kuwaiti island of point to commercial and cultural interaction between the two countries dating back several millennia. Prior to the discovery of oil in Kuwait, Indo–Kuwait trade revolved around and pedigreed horses, with Kuwaiti sailors making annual trips between the and the western ports of India to conduct the trade. The horse trade was ended in 1945 after following which trade turned to pearls
Diplomatic relations between the countries began in June 1962 war with china appointment of Yacoub Abdulaziz al-Rasheed as the first Kuwaiti Ambassador to India. India was among the earliest countries to recognise Kuwaiti independence while Kuwait was one of the first countries to extend support to India during the During the 1950s and 1960s was a hub for many Kuwaiti businesses and the emir himself maintained a house there on the While relations between the countries have traditionally been warm, they were strained in the early 1990s due to India's pro-stance following. India declined an audience to the Kuwaiti ambassador in New Delhi, sided with Iraq during the and became the only country to shift its embassy from Kuwait to during the war. The also impacted ties with Kuwait calling for Prime Minister to rebuild the structure and hand it over to . The however was quick to act against calls for dismissing Hindu employees from Kuwaiti firms and for shutting shops to protest against India. In 1992, the pulled off a "diplomatic triumph" on his visit to Kuwait that helped overcome the strains that had crept into bilateral ties. In 1994, the Kuwait government struck down a proposal in the that called for a ban on entry and recruitment of workers in Kuwait to prevent any worsening of relations with a "friendly India".

Indians in Kuwait

Indians form one of the largest numbering about 640,000 people. Their presence in white collar jobs have been increasing consistently especially in the electronic, industrial, architectural and engineering sectors. Kuwait's Ministry of Health also employs a significant number of Indian medics and paramedics. Indians have been described by the Emir's special envoy as having acquired a special space in Kuwait as "a brilliant and the least problematic expatriate community which works for the overall development of Kuwait"

Economic relations

Trade
The Kuwaiti economy, before the discovery of oil, depended heavily on maritime activities and trade. Kuwait was a centre are important commercial activities. Until 1961 the was the in Kuwait and Indo–Kuwaiti commerce revolved around trade in agricultural goods, textiles and horses.

In 2011–12, bilateral trade amounted to US$17.56 billion, marking a 44% rise over the previous year. accounts for the bulk of the trade, with the non-oil trade accounting for only US$1.9 billion. The is heavily in favour of Kuwait with Indian exports to Kuwait amounting to a mere US$1.1 billion in 2011–12. Petroleum imports worth US$15.67 billion from Kuwait makes it India's second largest supplier of oil from the next only to Indian exports to Kuwait in 2011–12 consisted of value added goods such, machinery and mechanical appliances, and food items. Kuwait is India's third largest trade partner in the and it accounted for 3.34% of India's global imports in 2011.

Investments
Indian public sector companies in the insurance and aviation sectors have offices in Kuwait, while private companies including Larsen & Toubro, Punj Lloyd and Kalpataru have implemented major projects in Kuwait including in its petroleum and power sectors. The Al-Ghanim Group, the KAPICO group, Global Investment House and Kuwait Finance House are the important Kuwaiti companies in India. India has in recent years mooted joint-venture projects between the two countries towards establishing new facilities in the oil and gas sector in both countries, while Kuwait has welcomed Indian companies to bid for projects in Kuwait as it undertakes a massive infrastructure development programme.

Technical cooperation
India and Kuwait have signed several agreements relating to scientific and technological cooperation including medical cooperation and in the areas of culture and education. There are also agreements between Indian and Kuwaiti institutions of higher education and research and agreements on drug reduction and prevention of illicit trafficking in and programmes for cultural and information exchanges between Kuwait and India.






Pavan, 7-A, Kuwait Indian School





Report:
Pavan, 7-A, Kuwait Indian School
Disclaimer: Statements and opinions expressed in the article are those of the authors and written by them; the author is solely responsible for the content in this article. IndiansinKuwait.com does not hold any responsibility for them.

Express your comments...

Submit your comments...

     

Disclaimer: The views expressed here are strictly personal and IndiansinKuwait.com does not hold any responsibility on them. We shall endeavour to upload/publish as many of the comments that are submitted as possible within a reasonable span of time, but we do not guarantee that all comments that are submitted will be uploaded/published. Messages that harass, abuse or threaten other members; have obscene, unlawful, defamatory, libellous, hateful, or otherwise objectionable content; or have spam, commercial or advertising content or links are liable to be removed by the editors. We also reserve the right to edit the comments that do get published. Please do not post any private information unless you want it to be available publicly.
Chaitali B Roy is a Kuwait based writer, journalist, broad...
As a physician, and radiology specialist, many of my collea...
Dear Kuwait, Today I have received an opportunity to do ...
Let us know some interesting facts about Kuwait. 1. Acco...
Long ago, there lived a boy in a farmland named Troy. A rea...
India and Kuwait by tradition are friendly nations, rooted ...
Bursts of colours splashing through the night sky, the Kuwa...
John Woodens once said, “Little things make big things happ...
Did you notice how many foreigners or expats inhabit Kuwait...
“A nation’s culture resides in the hearts and in the soul o...
Hala February is one of the most dazzling festivals in Kuwa...
India–Kuwait relations are bilateral between the two countr...
Kuwait Liberation Day is celebrated on 26th February. This ...
There has been symbiotic relationship between countriesin w...
The Kuwaiti ruling family too has had longstanding ties wit...
We all are living in a world of different cultures and econ...
On these auspicious days, Kuwait's National and Liberation ...
Walking down the streets of the souq here in Kuwait, I take...
Friendship is not just a bond created between two people. I...
The most awaited time of the year in Kuwait is the Hala Feb...
Kuwait was discovered in 1613 by the Portuguese in the pres...
I write this article to share my love for our beloved land ...
The developmental strategies made by every country for the ...
Kuwait is a peaceful and growing country and it’s relations...
I would like to share the knowledge between India-Kuwait re...
India and Kuwait enjoy traditionally friendly relations, ro...