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India announces National Education Policy 2020

Thursday, July 30, 2020
India announces National Education Policy 2020

The Union Cabinet on Wednesday gave its approval to a new National Education Policy aimed to bring about several changes in the education system from the school to college level.

Higher Education Secretary Amit Khare said that following the new education policy and reforms, the country will achieve a 50 per cent gross enrolment ratio by 2035.

Union Minister Prakash Javadekar said: "It is important because there was no change in the education policy in the last 34 years."

Meanwhile, Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal said that the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has been renamed the Ministry of Education.

Outcomes of the National Education Policy will be universalisation of education from primary to secondary by 2030, attaining foundational learning and numeracy skills by 2025, 100 per cent gross enrolment ratio by 2030, and 20 million school children joining back.

It will also include preparation of teachers for assessment reforms by 2023, an inclusive education system by 2030, board exams only to test core concepts, and instilling at least one vocational skill in every child.

Highlights

School Education

New Policy aims for universalization of education from pre-school to secondary level with 100 % Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030.

NEP 2020 will bring 2 crore out of school children back into the main stream through open schooling system.

The current 10+2 system to be replaced by a new 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively. This will bring the hitherto uncovered age group of 3-6 years under school curriculum, which has been recognized globally as the crucial stage for development of mental faculties of a child. The new system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/ pre schooling.

Emphasis on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy, no rigid separation between academic streams, extracurricular, vocational streams in schools ; Vocational Education to start from Class 6 with Internships

Teaching up to at least Grade 5 to be in mother tongue/ regional language. No language will be imposed on any student.

Assessment reforms with 360 degree Holistic Progress Card, tracking Student Progress for achieving Learning Outcomes

A new and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education, NCFTE 2021, will be formulated by the NCTE in consultation with NCERT. By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed. degree .

Higher Education

Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education to be raised to 50 % by 2035 ; 3.5 crore seats to be added in higher education.

The policy envisages broad based, multi-disciplinary, holistic Under Graduate education with flexible curricula, creative combinations of subjects, integration of vocational education and multiple entry and exit points with appropriate certification. UG education can be of 3 or 4 years with multiple exit options and appropriate certification within this period.

Academic Bank of Credits to be established to facilitate Transfer of Credits

Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs), at par with IITs, IIMs, to be set up as models of best multidisciplinary education of global standards in the country.

The National Research Foundation will be created as an apex body for fostering a strong research culture and building research capacity across higher education.

Higher Education Commission of India(HECI) will be set up as a single overarching umbrella body the for entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education. HECI to have four independent verticals - National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation, General Education Council (GEC ) for standard setting, Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding, and National Accreditation Council( NAC) for accreditation. Public and private higher education institutions will be governed by the same set of norms for regulation, accreditation and academic standards.

Affiliation of colleges is to be phased out in 15 years and a stage-wise mechanism is to be established for granting graded autonomy to colleges. Over a period of time, it is envisaged that every college would develop into either an Autonomous degree-granting College, or a constituent college of a university.

Others

An autonomous body, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), will be created to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, administration.

NEP 2020 emphasizes setting up of Gender Inclusion Fund, Special Education Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups

New Policy promotes Multilingualism in both schools and higher education. National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit , Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation to be set up

The Centre and the States will work together to increase the public investment in Education sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest.

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Express your comment on this article

 
lie
Sunday, August 2, 2020
@truth
you mean whole india will become kadpa university??
and all biryana will convert to telangana biryani?
and all citizens will become kadpa?

Truth
Saturday, August 1, 2020
There is a lots of ambiguity in the propopsal. I strongly believe as like every BJP plans such as Demonitization and Covid19 this also created with a big hype and at the end it will created another havoc.

The socalled change in education system is overdue for long time, but the proposad 5+3+3+5 is some what different. Abolishing affiliated colleges and granting autonomous status is a very risky thing in India due to its population and ineffective controling mechanism. If a college without proper governing bylaws given autonomy like Narayana and Srichaitanya institutes in Andhra Pradesh what will be the future of India?

Rahim K A
Saturday, August 1, 2020
PRIVATE TUTION IN KUWAIT --- LOOTING IN DAYLIGHT BY SELLING MOST DIVINE SERVICE FOR HUMANITY, WITHOUT ANY ETICS OR MERCY BY TEACHERS.

Another BIG and mercyless looting is unlicenced private tuition in Kuwait, especially in Abbasiya, Salmiya, Mangaf etc areas.
Most of the school teachers are doing this business without any ethics or social commitment, exploiting helpless parents, out of their greed for money. Money is everything for them and so they are subsiding teaching at school and influencing students to join their private classes as victims who is having no other way to escape fearing threats or challenges.
JUST One hour or so PRIVATE TUITION for 4 days or so, for EACH SUBJECT, most of them are charging 25KD.
Now they are so LUCKY that they can enroll almost ANY NUMBER of poor helpless students from any part of the world without any expense as such or usage of their facilities(MOST OF THE TUITION HAPPENS AT TEACHERS ACCOMODATION OR AT THEIR OWN HOME) MOST OF TEACHERS USES FREE VERSION of ZOOM meeting. No haris brive or as such.

Even then their greed for money has not reduced nor have any gut feeling.

Very few private teachers reduced their fee to half or so....in Abbassiya

G.a.nambi
Friday, July 31, 2020
Already tamilnadu reached 49.7% higher education admissions...this idiot people are planning to reach out to 2035....wonder government...

SN
Friday, July 31, 2020
Great Job! Much needed.

Kannadiga
Thursday, July 30, 2020
Super indeed ,

Much awaited policy.
Good for our kids.

Indian
Thursday, July 30, 2020
Start with BJP party leaders to gve free education with this utter foolish ideas. From where they get these weird ideas. Focus on economy and get it back on track or hold re-elections and have self ban on BJP which is a total failure, they can go to Himalayas and become sages there with RSS or else fight Pakistani or Chinese intruders instead of just making tall claims without s ingle case of development other than renaming places and ruining normal life of all.

Sureshkumar
Thursday, July 30, 2020
Much needed reform in our education system.. thnx govt for this new policy

Amit
Thursday, July 30, 2020
Thank you very much govt. of India.

Now Indian schools have to refund 100% tuition fees and pack up because 10+2 system is obsolete. 95% of the teachers will also have to be replaced, because they are past their prime and cannot learn new system at this age.
Maybe they can sit at home and give full time tuition :)

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