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History, Information and Importance of Republic Day

Breesha Tittu, IIK Young Contributor
Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Republic Day is a day to remember when the Constitution of India officially came into force on January 26, 1950. This historical act formally transitioned India to become an independent republic and hence it is celebrated on January 26 every year.

It was through the monumental Indian Independence Act of 1947 through which Indian gained its independence, an Act of the United Kingdom's Parliament which divided British India in two parts. As mentioned earlier, though India gained its freedom from the British rule it was still under the constitutional monarchy of King George VI (head) and Earl Mountbatten, who was the Governor General. This was because in 1947, India did not have its own Constitution. In fact, the laws in India at that time were based on the Government of India Act of 1935.

Realising the need of having an Indian Constitution, a Drafting Committee was set up with Dr Bheem Rao Ambedkar being appointed as its chairman. The sole objective of setting this committee was to draft the Constitution of India, which would be the supreme law of India. The Constitution lays down a broad framework of the fundamental political code, structure, powers, procedures and duties of all Government institutions and also states the fundamental rights and duties of all citizens of India. The committee worked tirelessly for many months and submitted their first draft of the Constitution on November 4, 1947 to the Constituent Assembly. It took exactly 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to finally adopt the Constitution with the necessary amendments.

Though the Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November, 1949 by the Constituent Assembly of India it became was formally made effective on 26 January, 1950. The reason: it was during in 1929 during the Indian National Congress' (INC) Lahore Session that a demand for complete independence was made in the history of India's freedom struggle from the British rule. This was followed by January 26, 1930 being announced as the Purna Swaraj Diwas (complete Independence Day). To honour this important day in India's freedom movement, our Constitution was adopted on January 26, 1950.

Since Republic, the ‘Greatest Achievements of India'

What we started with?

A country that today comes across as a strong powerful, developing nation has achieved so many things in its journey; India has come a long way since its Republic on January 1950.

India's growth

There still might be a lot of scope for infrastructure, better education and economic policies, foreign and defense strategies, even thought-process of certain section of society, but you cannot ignore the developments that led us to make a mark in numerous areas at global level.

Space program and defense program

Despite having almost nil self-reliance on defense technology and space technology, today we are one of the most advance nations in this field. Indians have been able to develop one of the most envious space programs in the world started in the year 1969 after their independence .To this day, we launched various space programs including Lunar and Mars mission, and on way to commercially launch satellites of developed nations at very low cost, all thanks to Indian Space Research Organization.

Technical Education & Digital India

Since independence India has been developing its technical education sector steadfastly. This resulted into our green revolution, resulting in increase of our food grain production more than four times, our independent space programs, eradication of epidemics and our envious IT sector.


Aspirations of Indians are soaring high. This requires massive investments to create new jobs, housing and to make cities and towns more liveable. With the development of India’s human potential, infrastructure development plays a major role to determine the shape of country.

Rural Development:

Increased urbanization and changes in global production system have changed the complete scenario of rural areas. Developments in rural areas are majorly concerned with the proper utilization of land resources and imparting proper healthcare and education to the people of rural areas.

Breesha Tittu
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