India’s Republic Day: The History

-- Ivin Mathew, IIK Young Reporter

On 26th January 2019, India is celebrating its 70th Republic Day. An amazing day when we see parades on TV and also a day when we get holidays. But republic day of India is not only about beautiful parades and holidays, but there exists a long history behind it, The struggle of Indian independence. the Indian republic day is celebrated to honor the day when the government of India act of 1935 was replaced as the governing document of India. On this day India came into force and a truly sovereign state was born.

India was not the like what we see today. Now India is a developing country and one of the fastest growing nations in terms of economy. Republic day means a lot to every Indian citizen. India is one of the great examples of the quote “unity in diversity” where all the religions live in peace and harmony with complete understanding, patience, and brotherhood.

The people of India joined hands together and sacrificed themselves for the freedom of the nation and stood together with the political leaders to drive the British away from the country. India broke free from the British on 15th August 1947 which we celebrate it as our Independence Day. The seeds of the republic were sown by our Chachaji, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in the Lahore session of the Indian national congress and India's first tricolor flag was unfurled and a pledge of celebrating the republic day every year was taken by the nationalists. Freedom fighters such as Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar vallabhai Patel, Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad openly challenged the British to leave India and give the citizens their right to freedom.

After the independence of India, a drafting committee was appointed immediately with Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar as the chairman of the drafting body and six more members as constitutional advisors. the hard work of these members is India in the present day. At the time of commencement, the constitution the Indian constitution had 395 articles in 22 parts and in 8 schedules consisting of almost 8000 words. This constituent assembly was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came to force on 26th January 1950. The adoption of the constitution made India a socialist, secular democratic republic country with strong and concrete citizen rights which offers equality to all the citizens of the country. Every republic day in India is celebrated with great zest to honor the sacrifice of great freedom fighters who gave their precious lives for their country and also who made a great effort in the making up of the constitution of India.

The president of India hosts the tricolor flag on the red fort and addresses the nation. the Chief guest of this year’s Republic day function is the president of South Africa Cyril Ramaphosa. The Main ceremony is held at Rajpath. The beating retreat marks the end of the republic day. Republic Day has a remarkable history, has a tremendous presence and will have a bright future.

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