India’s Future, Bharat’s Future

-- Refaa Mohamed Zakkariah, IX-F FAIPS(DPS)

Maa tujhe salaam, maa tujhe salaam”

This line from our national anthem, Vande Mataram, means ‘Mother - I salute you, Mother - I salute you’. But do we know what 1.339 billion people will raise their hands for?

The South Asian country of India, once one of the most prosperous places in the world, rich in both the traditional sense and culture, only worked her way out of the evils of colonialism after long hours of dedicated, backbreaking work; 2 years and 11 months eventually culminated into the world’s longest constitution.

Of course, work of a nation does not stop even with such a long document—If the Constitution is a body, then it is the we, the people of India who are the heartbeat that must keep it alive. To understand that wide horizon we call the future, we must first understand what comes before it. What can India, Hindustan, Bharat, our mother, expect for tomorrow?


A cornerstone of the Indian economy, over 58 percent of people living in rural areas are dependent on agriculture. The farmer is actually one of the biggest contributors to Gross Domestic Product (GDP). India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices and spice products, the second largest fruit producer in the world, ranks third in farm and agriculture outputs, and agricultural export from here constitutes the fourth-largest exported principal commodity. However, despite all these titles, there is still a long road to walk before we can be given the most important title of all—‘”Developed Country”.

In way of development for this sector many schemes have been put into effect, notable ones being the 1960s Green Revolution which introduced HYV seeds, tubewell irrigation and farm machineries. Production went up to 10 million tonnes of wheat and rice in 1955-66. Cultivated area increased from 120 million hectares in 1950 to 140 million in 1970-80. But there is also the fact, that as recently as 2015- that 55.40% of cultivated area is of small farmers, who are only 15% of the total number of persons. Division of plots remains a long
standing problem from the colonial centuries.

The Other Sectors:

Coming to the state of the secondary and tertiary sectors, which are both equally important to an economy, we find that they both contribute 24.2% and 57.9% to the GDP respectively. Though the decline of the primary sector in India has been a slow fall, there has been a fall nonetheless.

This is a welcome change as countries in where this sector is the norm, have not shown a speedy development. As for the importance of the other sectors, imagine a world without cars, machines, or even doctors and teachers. Would not be a popular vacation spot! Despite the Secondary Sector not having been much of a focus point by the previous governments, it is starting to enter our thoughts for India.

September 25, 2014 saw the birth of the ‘Make In India’ campaign. 3 years since the launch of this project for national country-manufactured goods, a French factory(for electric locomotives) can be seen Madhepura, Bihar; Volvo (Sweden) rolled out the first ‘made in India’ XC90 car in Bengaluru and you may soon be seeing a ‘made in India’ text on the back of your iPhone….Apple (USA) is about to start manufacturing iPhones in Bengaluru.

Tertiary sector on the other hand has received and is still receiving much attention. The root of being in this sector is having an education.

The plan outlay on education has increased from Rs 151 crore in the first plan to Rs 3766.90 crore the eleventh plan. Students in schools too are being educated on various schemes created by the government to improve population quality like Sarva Siksha Abhiyan, vocational courses, and Midday Meal schemes.

Literacy rates show a wide variation, from 94% in Kerala to 62% in Bihar. Especially in the rural areas of some states, children themselves do not feel the need for an education, partly due to how they were raised and partly due to ignorance. As a quote commonly attributed to Mark Twain says, “The man who does not read has no advantage over the man who cannot read.” It
is not enough to have the resources available for education, people should also be aware of these resources.

This problem has been acknowledged and measures have been taken against it, though their successes can be debated. However, there is definitely an increase today in the number of Indian citizens who know the pen.


Looking at all these facts, can we say that there has been development? Yes, there has. But still more is needed. And with political debacles and still-existing problems with clean water,
there is quite a distance to cover. We must also remember that we ourselves can be the change we want to see. How can one, for example, help alleviate the piles of garbage littered on most
roadsides? Simple, use your dustbin and keep your surroundings clean. This is the development of a country’s Mindset towards hygiene at a ground level.

Also, in all this talk of economics and statistics, let us not adhere to being bystanders, and forget how impactful kindness, or a helping hand to someone in need may be.

Remember that a future of ‘Swachh Bharat’, or a ‘Sanyukt Bharat’ starts with us first and foremost.

Republic Day of The Future:

Republic Day! When on 26 January, tricolor balloons are released into the wide blue yonder, the Bharat Ratna and Padma Bhushan are awarded to exceptional people, the 21 gun salute fires
our ears , while the tune ‘Abide with me’, fires our hearts. The festivities for freedom go on for three days, and end with the triumphant chorus of the Beating Retreat march.

The Indian tricolor flies high on the flagpole, and 1.339 billion people will raise their hands in salute. We are still progressing, developing every day with the fire of sweat, determination and hope for tomorrow.

Refaa Mohamed Zakkariah, IX-F FAIPS(DPS)

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